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Which is Correct: To who it may Concern or To whom it may Concern


Have you ever been stuck trying to write a letter or email and wondered whether to use “To Who It May Concern” or “To Whom It May Concern”? You’re not alone! This is a common question, and getting it right is easier than you might think. Let’s break it down together in a friendly and straightforward way.

Answer to the Question

The correct phrase is “To Whom It May Concern.”

The Basics of Who vs. Whom

First things first, let’s talk about the difference between “who” and “whom.”

  • Who is used as the subject of a sentence. It’s the person performing the action. For example, “Who is calling?”
  • Whom is used as the object of a sentence. It’s the person receiving the action. For example, “Whom are you calling?”

In simple terms, “who” is like the star of the show, while “whom” is more like the audience watching the star.

Applying This to “To Whom It May Concern”

When we use the phrase “To Whom It May Concern,” we are addressing a person (or people) who will read the letter, but we don’t know exactly who they are. Here, “whom” is the correct word because it’s the object of the verb “concern.”

Think of it like this: the concern is directed at the person reading the letter, making them the object. That’s why we use “whom.”

Why It’s Important to Get It Right

Using the correct form shows that you pay attention to detail and understand basic grammar rules. It’s especially important in professional settings where a good impression matters. Starting your letter with “To Whom It May Concern” instead of “To Who It May Concern” instantly sets a more formal and polished tone.

Tips to Remember

  1. Subject vs. Object: Remember, “who” is the subject doing the action, and “whom” is the object receiving the action.
  2. Try a Simple Test: If you’re unsure, try answering your own question. If the answer is “he” or “she,” use “who.” If the answer is “him” or “her,” use “whom.”

For example:

  • To who/whom am I writing?
    • I am writing to him. (Him = Whom)

So, it should be “To Whom Am I Writing?”


Next time you’re writing a letter and need to use this phrase, remember: “To Whom It May Concern” is the correct choice. It’s a small detail, but it makes a big difference. Happy writing!

Summer Leonard
Summer Leonardhttps://studentsnews.co.uk
Summer Leonard writes about students and school life. She shares practical advice and understanding based on her own experiences. Her writing aims to create a supportive community among students, helping them navigate the challenges of academics. Through simple and thoughtful words, she inspires and guides those on the educational journey.

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