HomeDissertationHow to write a dissertation Conclusion Chapters + Examples

How to write a dissertation Conclusion Chapters + Examples


Writing the conclusion chapter of your dissertation is one of the most important parts of your research journey. This chapter is where you summarize your key findings, discuss their implications, and suggest areas for future research. A strong conclusion ties everything together and shows the significance of your work. In this article, we’ll guide you through each step of writing an effective dissertation conclusion chapter.

Understanding the Role of the Conclusion Chapter

The conclusion chapter serves several important functions in your dissertation. Let’s break down what each of these roles entails.

Summarizing Key Findings

In the conclusion, you need to highlight the most important results of your research. This summary should focus on the main findings that directly relate to your research questions or hypotheses. Avoid going into too much detail – you’ve already done that in your earlier chapters. Instead, provide a clear and concise summary.

Answering the Research Questions

Every dissertation is built around specific research questions or hypotheses. In the conclusion, you should directly address these questions. Summarize how your findings answer these questions and what conclusions can be drawn.

Reflecting on the Research Process

The conclusion is also a place to reflect on the research process itself. Discuss what methods you used, why you chose them, and how effective they were. This reflection shows your critical thinking and can be useful for future researchers.

Structuring the Conclusion Chapter

A well-structured conclusion chapter will make your dissertation more cohesive and readable. Here’s how you can structure your conclusion.

Restating the Research Problem

Start by briefly restating the research problem or question. This reminds the reader of the focus of your study. For example, if your research problem was about improving educational outcomes, restate this clearly.

Summarizing Major Findings

Next, summarize the main findings of your study. These should be the findings that are most relevant to your research questions. Be sure to present these findings in a clear and logical manner.

Discussing the Implications of the Findings

After summarizing your findings, discuss their implications. This can be divided into theoretical and practical implications. Theoretical implications relate to how your findings contribute to existing knowledge or theories. Practical implications relate to how your findings can be applied in real-world settings.

Acknowledging the Limitations

No research is perfect. It’s important to acknowledge any limitations in your study. This could include things like a small sample size, limited scope, or potential biases. Being honest about these limitations shows your critical thinking and transparency.

Proposing Recommendations

Based on your findings and their implications, suggest areas for future research. This could involve studying different populations, using different methods, or exploring related questions. Additionally, offer practical recommendations if applicable. For instance, if your research is on education, suggest how your findings can improve teaching practices.

Concluding Remarks

End your chapter with final thoughts. This could be a brief reflection on the significance of your study and its contributions. Make sure your final remarks leave a strong impression on the reader.

Writing Tips for an Effective Conclusion Chapter

Writing a clear and effective conclusion requires careful attention to detail. Here are some tips to help you.

1. Be Concise and Clear

Your conclusion should be concise and to the point. Avoid unnecessary details and focus on the main points. Clear and simple language will help make your conclusions more understandable.

2. Maintain a Logical Flow

Ensure that your conclusion follows a logical structure. Each section should flow naturally into the next. This makes it easier for the reader to follow your arguments and understand your conclusions.

3. Reflective and Critical Tone

Use a reflective and critical tone in your writing. Reflect on what you have learned during your research and critically evaluate your findings. This shows your depth of understanding and engagement with your topic.

4. Consistency with Previous Chapters

Your conclusion should be consistent with the rest of your dissertation. Ensure that the findings you summarize align with what you presented in the results and discussion chapters. This consistency reinforces the reliability of your work.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

There are several common mistakes that students often make when writing their conclusion chapters. Avoiding these can improve the quality of your work.

1. Introducing New Information

Do not introduce new findings or data in the conclusion. The conclusion is meant to summarize and reflect on the information already presented, not to bring in new elements.

2. Overgeneralization

Avoid making broad generalizations that are not supported by your data. Be specific and stick to the conclusions that your research can actually support.

3. Neglecting the Research Questions

Ensure that all your research questions are addressed. It can be easy to overlook some aspects, but make sure you have thoroughly answered each question posed at the beginning of your dissertation.

4. Lack of Future Directions

Failing to suggest areas for future research can make your conclusion seem incomplete. Always provide recommendations for further study to show the ongoing relevance of your research topic.

Practical Steps to Write the Conclusion Chapter

Here are some practical steps to help you write your conclusion chapter effectively.

1. Drafting an Outline

Before you start writing, draft an outline of your conclusion chapter. This will help you organize your thoughts and ensure that you cover all necessary points. An outline can act as a roadmap, guiding you through the writing process.

2. Writing the First Draft

Begin with a first draft. Don’t worry too much about making it perfect. The goal is to get your ideas down on paper. Focus on covering all the main points outlined earlier.

3. Revising and Refining

After completing the first draft, revise and refine your writing. Look for areas where you can be more concise, improve clarity, and enhance the logical flow. It may be helpful to take a break before revising so you can approach your work with fresh eyes.

4. Seeking Feedback

Get feedback from others, such as your supervisor, peers, or mentors. They can provide valuable insights and help identify areas for improvement. Be open to constructive criticism and use it to strengthen your chapter.

5. Finalizing the Chapter

Once you’ve made revisions, finalize your chapter. Ensure it aligns with the rest of your dissertation and that all sections are clear and concise. Proofread your work carefully to catch any errors.

Examples and Case Studies

Example 1: Conclusion for a Dissertation in Education

Title: The Impact of Technology on Student Engagement in High School Classrooms

Conclusion Chapter:

In this dissertation, we set out to explore the impact of technology on student engagement in high school classrooms. Through a mixed-methods approach, including surveys, classroom observations, and interviews, we gathered comprehensive data to understand how various technological tools influence student participation and interest in learning.

Restating the Research Problem:

The primary research problem addressed in this study was the declining levels of student engagement in high school classrooms and whether the integration of technology could counteract this trend.

Summarizing Major Findings:

Our findings indicate that the use of technology, such as interactive whiteboards, educational apps, and online collaboration platforms, significantly enhances student engagement. Specifically, students reported increased motivation and interest in subjects where technology was effectively integrated. Teachers also observed higher levels of participation and enthusiasm in tech-enhanced lessons compared to traditional teaching methods.

Discussing the Implications of the Findings:

The theoretical implications of this study suggest that technology can bridge the gap between traditional teaching methods and the learning preferences of digital-native students. Practically, these findings recommend that schools invest in training teachers to effectively incorporate technology into their pedagogy. This can lead to a more dynamic and engaging learning environment that caters to diverse student needs.

Acknowledging the Limitations:

Despite these promising results, this study had several limitations. The sample size was relatively small, and the study was conducted in only three high schools within one district, limiting the generalizability of the findings. Future research should include a larger, more diverse sample to validate these results.

Proposing Recommendations:

Future research should investigate long-term effects of technology on student engagement and academic performance across different subjects and educational settings. Additionally, exploring the impact of emerging technologies, such as virtual reality and artificial intelligence, could provide deeper insights into innovative educational practices.

Concluding Remarks:

In conclusion, this study demonstrates that technology, when used thoughtfully and strategically, can significantly improve student engagement in high school classrooms. By embracing technological advancements, educators can create more interactive and stimulating learning experiences, ultimately fostering a more positive and productive educational environment.

Example 2: Conclusion for a Dissertation in Environmental Science

Title: Assessing the Effects of Urban Green Spaces on Air Quality in Metropolitan Areas

Conclusion Chapter:

This dissertation aimed to assess the effects of urban green spaces on air quality in metropolitan areas, focusing on the correlation between the presence of green spaces and the levels of common air pollutants such as CO2, NO2, and PM10.

Restating the Research Problem:

The research problem addressed was the rising air pollution in metropolitan areas and whether urban green spaces could mitigate its impact on air quality.

Summarizing Major Findings:

The study’s findings indicate a significant positive effect of urban green spaces on air quality. Areas with higher densities of green spaces showed lower levels of air pollutants. Specifically, we found that parks, green rooftops, and urban forests contribute to a reduction in CO2, NO2, and PM10 levels, improving overall air quality.

Discussing the Implications of the Findings:

Theoretical implications of this research underscore the importance of integrating ecological principles into urban planning. Practically, these findings suggest that policymakers and urban planners should prioritize the development and maintenance of green spaces in city landscapes. This approach not only enhances environmental health but also promotes public well-being.

Acknowledging the Limitations:

This study had limitations, including its focus on a single metropolitan area, which may not reflect conditions in other cities with different climates and urban structures. Additionally, the study was cross-sectional, limiting the ability to draw conclusions about long-term effects.

Proposing Recommendations:

Future research should expand to multiple cities with varying characteristics to test the generalizability of these findings. Longitudinal studies are also recommended to examine the long-term impact of urban green spaces on air quality. Exploring the role of specific types of vegetation in pollutant absorption could provide more targeted strategies for urban greening.

Concluding Remarks:

In summary, this dissertation provides compelling evidence that urban green spaces play a crucial role in improving air quality in metropolitan areas. By investing in green infrastructure, cities can address environmental challenges and enhance the quality of life for their residents. Future urban planning efforts should incorporate extensive green spaces to create healthier, more sustainable urban environments.

FAQs about Dissertation Conclusion

Writing a dissertation conclusion can be challenging. Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) along with detailed answers to help you understand and navigate this crucial chapter.

What is the purpose of a dissertation conclusion?

The purpose of a dissertation conclusion is to:

  • Summarize the key findings of your research.
  • Answer the research questions or hypotheses posed at the beginning.
  • Discuss the implications of your findings.
  • Reflect on the research process.
  • Provide recommendations for future research.
  • Offer final thoughts on the significance of your work.

How long should a dissertation conclusion be?

The length of a dissertation conclusion varies depending on the overall length of the dissertation and the requirements of your academic institution. Typically, it should be around 5-7% of the total dissertation length. For example, if your dissertation is 20,000 words, the conclusion should be approximately 1,000-1,400 words.

What should be included in a dissertation conclusion?

A dissertation conclusion should include:

  • A restatement of the research problem or question.
  • A summary of the main findings.
  • A discussion of the implications (theoretical and practical).
  • Acknowledgment of the study’s limitations.
  • Recommendations for future research.
  • Concluding remarks that reflect on the overall contribution of your work.

How do I summarize my findings in the conclusion?

To summarize your findings:

  • Focus on the most significant results that directly address your research questions.
  • Avoid repeating detailed information already presented in previous chapters.
  • Highlight key insights and how they contribute to the understanding of the research problem.

Should I introduce new information in the conclusion?

No, you should not introduce new information or data in the conclusion. The conclusion should synthesize and reflect on the information presented in earlier chapters, not add new elements.

How do I discuss the implications of my findings?

When discussing the implications:

  • Theoretical Implications: Explain how your findings contribute to existing theories or knowledge in your field.
  • Practical Implications: Discuss how your findings can be applied in real-world settings, such as industry practices, policy-making, or further research.

How do I acknowledge the limitations of my study?

To acknowledge limitations:

  • Be honest and transparent about the limitations of your study, such as sample size, methodological constraints, or biases.
  • Discuss how these limitations may affect the interpretation of your findings.
  • Suggest ways future research could address these limitations.

What kind of recommendations should I provide?

Provide recommendations for:

  • Future Research: Suggest areas where further investigation is needed to build on your findings or address unanswered questions.
  • Practical Applications: Offer suggestions for how practitioners, policymakers, or other stakeholders can use your findings.

How do I make my concluding remarks impactful?

To make your concluding remarks impactful:

  • Reflect on the overall contribution of your study to the field.
  • Emphasize the significance and originality of your research.
  • End with a strong statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

Can I use personal reflections in the conclusion?

Yes, you can include personal reflections, especially when discussing the research process or the broader impact of your work. However, keep these reflections professional and relevant to the research.

How can I ensure my conclusion aligns with the rest of my dissertation?

To ensure alignment:

  • Review your introduction and research questions to ensure consistency.
  • Cross-check your findings summary with the results and discussion chapters.
  • Maintain a consistent tone and style throughout the dissertation.

What are common mistakes to avoid in the conclusion?

Common mistakes to avoid include:

  • Introducing new data or findings.
  • Overgeneralizing results.
  • Neglecting to answer all research questions.
  • Failing to discuss the implications or provide recommendations.
  • Writing a conclusion that is too brief or lacks depth.

Should I get feedback on my conclusion?

Yes, getting feedback is crucial. Seek feedback from your supervisor, peers, or mentors. They can provide valuable insights and help you identify areas for improvement. Be open to constructive criticism and use it to refine your chapter.

How do I start writing my conclusion?

Start writing your conclusion by:

  • Creating an outline that includes all the key sections.
  • Summarizing your main findings first.
  • Reflecting on the implications and limitations.
  • Drafting recommendations and concluding remarks.
  • Revising and refining your draft based on feedback.

Are there tools to help with writing the conclusion?

Yes, several tools can assist you:

  • Grammarly: Helps with grammar, style, and tone.
  • Purdue OWL: Offers writing resources and instructional material.
  • Online Writing Labs: Many universities provide online writing labs with useful tips and guidelines.

By following these guidelines and addressing these common questions, you can write a strong and effective dissertation conclusion that effectively summarizes your research and highlights its significance.


In this article, we’ve discussed how to write an effective dissertation conclusion chapter. We covered the role of the conclusion, how to structure it, writing tips, common mistakes to avoid, practical steps, and the importance of examples and case studies.

Writing a strong conclusion is essential for tying your dissertation together and highlighting the significance of your research. By following the steps and tips outlined in this article, you can create a conclusion that effectively summarizes your work and leaves a lasting impression on your readers.

Summer Leonard
Summer Leonardhttps://studentsnews.co.uk
Summer Leonard writes about students and school life. She shares practical advice and understanding based on her own experiences. Her writing aims to create a supportive community among students, helping them navigate the challenges of academics. Through simple and thoughtful words, she inspires and guides those on the educational journey.

Related articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay Connected


Latest posts